Climate

The entire district can be grouped into the following climatic zones :

Climatic Zone Elevation (in meters)
1. Cool Temperature
a. Moist 600 – 1200
b. Dry 1000 – 2500
c. Sub Tropical Valley 600 – 1200
2. Cold Temperature
a. Cold Temperature in higher location
(snow bound) (5 – 6 month)
3000 – 3500
b. Cold Temperature (lower valley) 2000 – 3000
3. Alpine Zone
Perpetually snow covered area 3500 – above
4. Dry Climate
Trans Himalayan Alpine Valley of rain
shadow location
2500 – 3500

Seasons

The entire district exhibits four broad seasons in the year

  • 1. Winter or Cold weather (mid Dec. – mid March)
  • 2. Summer or hot weather (mid March – mid June)
  • 3. Season of general rains (South – West monsoon season)
  • 4. Season of retreating monsoon (mid September to mid November)

Temperature

During the coldest month of January, tropical ridges and high location along the lesser Himalaya record an average monthly temperature between 5.5°C and 8°C. By the March the temperature begins to rise progressively till early June which is the hottest month every where. Dharchula and Jhulaghat record an average temperature between 30 – 45°C.