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Climate, Season and Temperature

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The entire district can be grouped into the following climatic zones :

Climatic Zone Elevation (in meters
1. Cool Temperature  
a. Moist 600 - 1200
b. Dry 1000 - 2500
c. Sub Tropical Valley 600 - 1200
2. Cold Temperature  
a. Cold Temperature in higher location
(snow bound) (5 - 6 month)
3000 - 3500
b. Cold Temperature (lower valley) 2000 - 3000
3. Alpine Zone  
Perpetually snow covered area 3500 - above
4. Dry Climate  
Trans Himalayan Alpine Valley of rain
shadow location
2500 - 3500

Seasons

The entire district exhibits four broad seasons in the year

 

  • 1. Winter or Cold weather (mid Dec. - mid March)
  • 2. Summer or hot weather (mid March - mid June)
  • 3. Season of general rains (South - West monsoon season)
  • 4. Season of retreating monsoon (mid September to mid November)
  •  

    Temperature : During the coldest month of January, tropical ridges and high location along the lesser Himalaya record an average monthly temperature between 5.5°C and 8°C. By the March the temperature begins to rise progressively till early June which is the hottest month every where. Dharchula and Jhulaghat record an average temperature between 30 - 45°C.